Hemp or Industrial Hemp are high-growing varieties of the Cannabis plant grown specifically for industrial purpose and use, and its derived products. Hemp is one of the oldest domesticated crops known to man. It has been used for paper, textiles, and cordage for thousands of years. In fact, the Columbia History of the World states that the oldest relic of human industry is a scrap of hemp fabric dating back to approximately 8,000 BC. Cannabis is one of the fastest growing biomasses known, and one of the earliest domesticated plants known. The plant can refined into products
There are differences between industrial hemp and marijuana. Industrial hemp is technically from the same species of plant that psychoactive marijuana comes from. However, it is from a different variety, or subspecies that contain many important differences. Industrial hemp includes low-levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (drug intoxicant), but it is higher in cannabidiol (CBD) and cultivated primarily for its fiber, which is a much stronger fiber. This fiber can be used in anything from rope and blankets to paper. Marijuana fiber has a low tensile strength and will break or shred easily, making it a poor fibrous plant when compared to industrial hemp. The legality of cannabis for industrial uses varies widely from country to country. In many countries regulatory limits for concentrations of psychoactive compounds, particularly THC, in industrial Cannabis require the use of strains of the plant which are bred for low content. Industrial hemp could transform the economy of many places around the world in a positive and beneficial way, and therefore should be exploited to its full potential.