Denim is a coarse, twilled woven cotton fabric, Z-twist, often blue, traditionally used for overalls, leisure and work clothes and now used for jeans and casual wear. Denim is also used to describe a pair of jeans, which are trousers, atypically made from denim or dungaree cloth (developed in Dungri in Bombay).
The History of denim started at the American Gold rush and it was quickly loved in the fashion world. The true origins of denim are often debated but can be traced back to the late 1700s in Genoa, Italy, and Nimes, France. It’s thought that the name denim is derived from de Nimes, meaning from ‘from Nimes’, after weavers in Nime attempted to replicate a fabric originally developed in Gênes (the French word of jeans), but ended up with a different cotton twill. A twill we now know as denim.The material now known as, jean, was created first in Italy in Genoa. Denim was then an accidental development in the French town of Nimes, and this is where they got their names from, and it was a cheap and durable fabric. Often the term denim, refers to “jeans”, which describes a particular style of pants, called “blue jeans,” which were invented by Jacob W. Davis in partnership with Levi Strauss & Co. in 1871 and patented by Jacob W. Davis and Levi Strauss on May 20, 1873, who had turn them into overalls and working pants, inserting copper rivets at common rippage spots on the workers’ clothing, namely the pockets. In the 1950’s Edwin Jeans are credited with pioneering the stone wash for the first time, an effect that made the denim appear already worn and dis-coloured. It has since gone up and down in popularity, but, always stayed in Fashion and it was loved by great icons such a Marylin Monroe, James Dean, marlo brando and others. In the fashion industry in nowdays, denim is introduced to pre-shrinking and other innovative techniques that actually make denim a material with a great variety of potentials in garment development.